Irenaeus was a student of Polycarpwho was said to have been tutored by John the Apostle. Polycarpthe disciple of St. It is in this obedient sacrifice that Jesus is victor and reconciler, thus erasing the marks that Adam left on human nature.
A key point in Irenaeus's thinking, Tiessen states, is the fact that Irenaeus assumed that the Church's teachings were spread across the world and that the faith was preached uniformly.
He interpreted Israel as the Christian church, the spiritual seed of Abraham. Irenaeus says nothing of the seventy weeks; we do not know whether he placed the "one week" at the end of the seventy or whether he had a gap. In addition to reversing the wrongs done by Adam, Irenaeus thinks of Christ as "recapitulating" or "summing up" human life.
The persecutors imagined that Christianity had been stifled in Lyons, and they ceased their pursuits for a time. None of these writings has come down to us in the original text, though a great many fragments of them are extant as citations in later writers HippolytusEusebiusetc.
This great Doctor of the Church wrote many important works, of which the most famous is his Adversus Haereses, Against the Heresies, in explanation of the Faith. The Unity of Salvation History[ edit ] Irenaeus' emphasis on the unity of God is reflected in his corresponding emphasis on the unity of salvation history.
Irenaeus returned to France after the persecution had subsided, and he was made bishop of Lyons inreplacing the previous bishop, who had died or been killed in the persecution. Irenaeus composed a detailed statement of second-century orthodox Christian thought in his Adversus Haereses, or Against Heresies.
He tells, for instance, of a prodigious fertility of this earth during the millennium, after the resurrection of the righteous, "when also the creation, having been renovated and set free, shall fructify with an abundance of all kinds of food.
Instead, they need a human Savior. Adam, as one of the saved. Hence, he applies Biblical and traditional ideas to his descriptions of this earth during the millennium, throughout the closing chapters of Book 5.
In Book I, Irenaeus talks about the Valentinian Gnostics and their predecessors, who he says go as far back as the magician Simon Magus.
Irenaeus prefers to speak of the Son and the Spirit as the "hands of God". Irenaeus makes the case that all the orthodox bishops can trace their teaching back to the apostles, who got their teaching from Jesus. Additionally, Harris finds that the work contains a strongly anti-Judaic tone.
Irenaeus wrote in Greek many works which have secured for him an exceptional place in Christian literature, because in controverted religious questions of capital importance they exhibit the testimony of a contemporary of the heroic age of the Churchof one who had heard St.
And he expected the millennial kingdom to begin with the second coming of Christ to destroy the wicked and inaugurate, for the righteous, the reign of the kingdom of God during the seventh thousand years, the millennial Sabbath, as signified by the Sabbath of creation week.
Similarly, death and suffering appear as evilsbut without them we could never come to know God. One of the major changes that Irenaeus makes is when the Parousia will occur.
This mission explains how it was that he was not called upon to share in the martyrdom of St Pothinus during the terrible persecution in Lyons. Smith finds that the construction is clear and logical, although the style is sometimes confused and repetitive.
Irenaeus alludes to coming across Gnostic writings, and holding conversations with Gnostics, and this may have taken place in Asia Minor or in Rome.
The clergy of that city, many of whom were suffering imprisonment for the Faith, sent him or to Rome with a letter to Pope Eleutherius concerning Montanismand on that occasion bore emphatic testimony to his merits. While Irenaeus was in Rome, a persecution took place in Lyon.Saint Irenaeus: Saint Irenaeus, bishop of Lugdunum (Lyon) and leading Christian theologian of the 2nd century.
His work Adversus haereses (Against Heresies), written in aboutwas a. Answer: Irenaeus (AD –) was the bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern Lyons, France), a stalwart opponent of heresy, and an influential witness concerning the development of the biblical canon.
Little is known about the life of Irenaeus. St. Irenaeus Criticism - Essay. Homework Help. J. Rendel Harris (essay date ) (Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism) print Print; document PDF.
Who is St. Irenaeus of Lyons? While we know little about the birth and death of Saint Irenaeus, we know that his life’s work of fighting Gnosticism had a tremendous influence on t As bishop of Lyons he was especially concerned with the Gnostics, who took their name from the Greek word for “knowledge.” To spread the Gospel in the spirit of St.
Francis. Please. Five Books of S. Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons Against Heresies by Saint Irenaeus Vol. 1 Select Treatises of St. Athanasius in Controversy With the Arians Freely Translated, With an Appendix by St.
Athanasius. Saint Irenaeus. Saint Irenaeus was born in the year ; he was of the Greek tongue, and probably a native of Asia Minor. His parents, who were Christians, placed him while still young under the care of the great Saint Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna.Download