The history and definition of witchcraft

Start your free trial today. Fourth was spectral evidence. He that plunged into the river shall take possession of the house of him who laid the spell upon him. Moreover, like ancient and modern Westerners, people in modern Africa and other parts of the world who take the reality of witchcraft for granted usually also believe in other sources of supernatural power—e.

Rather, Lucifer in this context is seen as one of many morning stars, a symbol of enlightenment, [92] independence and human progression. According to traditional Navajo belief, when a witch travels at night, he wears the skin of a dead animal in order to effect a transformation into that animal.


Because of the continuity of witch trials with those for heresy, it is impossible to say when the first witch trial occurred. Witches sought to gain or preserve health, to acquire or retain property, to protect against natural disasters or evil spirits, to help friends, and to seek revenge.

None of the confessors were executed. Stregheria Stregheria is an Italian witchcraft religion popularised in the s by Raven Grimassiwho claims that it evolved within the ancient Etruscan religion of Italian peasants who worked under the Catholic upper classes.

Explanations of the witch hunts continue to vary, but recent research has shown some of these theories to be improbable or of negligible value.

Puritans believed that Satan could not take the form of any unwilling person. If preventative measures prove ineffective for the Navajo, then the confession of a witch is thought to cure the evil magic, and torture is sometimes used to extract that confession.

The Inquisition thus began after on orders of the Church to discover the witches or heretics who were believed to be evil and against the Church. Like the Spanish colonies, the English colonies repeated the European stereotype with a few minor differences. Wiccan beliefs are currently often found to be compatible with liberal ideals such as the Green movementand particularly with feminism by providing young women with means for empowerment and for control of their own lives.

Though the conceptions conveyed by the English word "witch" and its cognates were unknown to the Hebrews of Bible times, yet the fundamental thought involved in such terms was familiar enough to the ancient Hebrews and to other nations of antiquity Babylonians, Egyptians, etc.

Madeline Montalban was an English witch who adhered to a specific form of luciferianism which revolved around the veneration of Lucifer, or Lumiel, whom she considered to be a benevolent angelic being who had aided humanity's development.

The word "witch" occurs twice in the King James Version, namely, 1 in Exodus Five more people were hanged that July; five in August and eight more in September.

False ideas about witchcraft and the witch hunts persist today.

Witch; Witchcraft

In a number of revealing African cases, the word that denotes the essence of witchcraft e. The Hebrew word is in both cases the participle of the verb kishshephdenoting "to practice the magical article. One of the most important aspects of the hunts remains unexplained.

Part of the recent growth in Neo-Pagan religions has been attributed to the strong media presence of fictional works such as the Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Harry Potter series with their depictions of witchcraft.

It makes sense of the inequalities of life: The damage to the community lingered, however, even after Massachusetts Colony passed legislation restoring the good names of the condemned and providing financial restitution to their heirs in It explains the diseases whose causes are unknown, the mystery of death, and, more generally, strange and inexplicable misfortunes.

By the 14th century, fear of heresy and of Satan had added charges of diabolism to the usual indictment of witches, maleficium malevolent sorcery.


Massachusetts was experiencing some of the worst winters in memory. In the first context the Greek verb is existemi, which is properly rendered by the Revisers "amazed"; in 3: In Chile, for example, the tensions between the Mapuche and neighbouring Chilean peasants are revealed in accusations that the Chileans use witchcraft to cheat the Mapuche and conversely that the Mapuche use it to harm the crops or livestock of the Chileans.

Visit Website Did you know? The phrase "the witch of Endor" occurs frequently in literature, and especially in common parlance, but it is not found in the English Bible.

This arose perhaps from the fact that in primitive times men spent their time in fighting and hunting; the cooking of the food and the healing of the sick, wounded, etc.

The word "witch" seems to denote etymologically "one that knows. In many ways, like their counterparts worldwide, early Western sorcerers and witches worked secretly for private ends, as contrasted with the public practice of religion.

No satisfactory explanation for the preponderance of women among the accused has appeared. There is thus no inconsistency in the actions of the sick African who consults both a medical doctor and a witch doctor. Since the 13th century the word "witch" has come more and more to denote a woman who has formed a compact with the Devil or with evil spirits, by whose aid she is able to cause all sorts of injury to living beings and to things.‘These serials help perpetuate superstitions and blind beliefs in witchcraft and sorcery, in magic and animism.’ ‘On this part of the Yorkshire coast in among the amusement arcades and the history, there's still talk of witchcraft and magic.’.

The word "witchcraft" occurs thrice in the King James Version in 1 Samuel"the sin of witchcraft" should be as in the Revised Version margin, "the sin of divination," the latter representing the Hebrew word qecem, generally translated "divination".

See DIVINATION, sec. VII, 1. Witchcraft was the infliction of harm or pain with diabolic help. Witchcraft was usually blamed on women, but some men were also accused. Puritans defined witchcraft as entering into a compact with the devil in exchange for certain powers to do evil.

The famous Salem witchcraft trials began as the girls began to name more and more community members. Evidence admitted in such trials was of five types. First, the accused might be asked to pass a test, like reciting the Lord's Prayer.

Witchcraft was the infliction of harm or pain with diabolic help. Witchcraft was usually blamed on women, but some men were also accused. Puritans defined witchcraft as entering into a compact with the devil in exchange for certain powers to do evil.

Witchcraft History. Infused with mystery, fear, unbelievable and grim facts and records, Witchcraft History can be traced back to centuries. The word ‘Witchcraft’ has been derived from the word ‘Wicca’ which means ‘the wise one’.

Witchcraft Download
The history and definition of witchcraft
Rated 5/5 based on 93 review